The Anatomy of the hip and the pelvis
The hip is one of the largest and the most important joints which has the important function in developing and keeping the proper architecture of the locomotor system (static and body symmetry). It is located between the pelvis and the upper part of the femur, and it consists of the pelvic bone with its rounded hollow area filled with femur head and these two are linked by ligaments. It is classified as a movable joint and it enables leg movements in several directions: flexion (lifting), extension (straightening), adduction (moving the leg towards the body), lateral and medial rotation. Due to these characteristics the hip is very important for body balance in static position (when standing), dynamic position (walking and running).
LEG MOVEMENTS: FLEXION, EXTENSION, ADDUCTION, ABDUCTION, ROTATION
The most common hip pains and problems
During the past centuries pathological hip states were mostly problems experienced in childhood. Those were mostly deformities in development as well as deformities occurring due to bad diet and infections. With the development of medicine and the perfection of technology the number of such cases has been greatly reduced.
In older people the most dominant case is hip trauma, less degenerative states.
With the extension of human life span bone thinness occurs (osteoporosis), which is the main reason for older people being susceptible to frequently occurring bone fractures.
Road traffic trauma (hip injury) is a big problem because it often leads to severe invalidity of younger population and working people.
Injuries of the locomotor system are frequent in sportsmen as well as during exerting training sessions when the organism is not prepared for the exertion.
Hip pain occurs most often due to the hip joint being overloaded as a consequence of disrupted balance of the hip muscles’ strength (unequal utilization of muscles), which consequently causes the disruption of the static and dynamic. In time, hip pain deteriorates, limits movement and causes walking (gait) difficulties.
Hip pain, in some cases, occurs as a consequence of bone friction due to improper development of bones, fractures, inflammations and swellings, infections.
Joint pain which lasts longer and spreads onto other body parts (back pain, leg pain, neck pain), should be examined in detail and corresponding treatment measures should be undertaken.
Mihajlo Pupin Institute Belgrade, in its wide range of products designed after long-term research and clinical testing, has the magnetic system for the hip. Hip problems and pains occurring as a consequence of injuries (cracks, sprains, fractures…), or rheumatic diseases, osteoporosis, and poor blood circulation are successfully reduced through the effects of the static magnetic field and acupressure point stimulation. Mihajlo Pupin Institute products are protected by copyright laws as intellectual property.
The causes of osteoarthritis are not entirely determined, but it is ascertained that, to a great measure, it depends on genetic predisposition and external factors (being overweight, stress, diet, lifestyle, joint injury…). The disease may affect any joint, and most commonly it affects knees, arms and hips. Cartilage is damaged (the smooth tissue that envelops the endings of bones in a joint). With progression of the disease the joint loses its normal shape, muscles around the bones are weakened, and inflammation and joint pain occurs.
Osteoarthritis of the hip (coxarthrosis) causes walking difficulties, stiffness, swelling and hip pain. Weight has a great impact on the condition of the hips. It is of utmost importance to reduce excess weight and thus take some load off the joints. Physical therapy reduces pain and joint stiffness, enhances joint mobility, strengthens muscles. In more severe cases (a great degree of joint dysfunction and the pain cannot be reduced with medications) – surgery and hip replacement are performed.
Hip fracture mostly occurs due to a great amount of force in the hip area (traffic accidents, falls). In older people hip fracture after a fall is common, mostly due to osteoporosis.
There are various types of fractures of this joint (the head or the neck of the femur, intertrochanteric or subtrochanteric hip fractures), and the treatment approach (conservative or surgical) is determined with regard to the location of the fracture. The symptoms vary and depend on the location, type and severity of the fracture. Pain of varying intensity, limited movement or immobility of the injured side, and in more severe cases shock and internal organ damage may occur.
Magnet therapy is an ancient method acknowledged worldwide and in our country as successful in treating and reducing various kinds of pain, injuries, circulation problems, and boosting the immune system as well as improving the general health condition. It may be used on children of all ages as it is non-invasive and has no harmful effects. Mihajlo Pupin Institute is the leader in the area of magnetic products, and is recognized both in our country and worldwide. All products are tested, great results have been achieved and clients who have used the products are satisfied. The magnetic system for the hip contains magnets whose magnetic field intensity is in accordance with WHO (World Health Organization) recommendations and there are not any side effects. Through application of the magnetic products blood circulation is significantly improved, pain is reduced, muscles become relaxed, moving becomes easier and a positive effect on the entire organism is achieved. Mihajlo Pupin Institute magnets are distributed precisely across acupressure points so that the positive effects are arrived at through a combination of static magnetic field and acupressure point stimulation.